ports-s-info
Brindisi is a magnificent natural port, which thanks to its shape and geographic position (latitude 40 ° 39'00'' north, longitude 17 ° 58'00'' east), has always been ranked as the safest of the low Italian Adriatic sea.
The unique and branched morphology of the natural port of Brindisi (in the shape of deer's head) is the result of erosion brought about by the  rivers’  mouth, now Cillarese canal that flows into the breast of the west, and to canal Palmarini-Patri east, which formed a river valley where the sea has crept.
It rises in a wide funnel-shaped bay that is wedged into the coast.


 The port is divided into three basins:
- The outer one , an area of 3,000,000 square meters, limited to the south from the mainland, to east from Pedagne islands, to west from the St. Andrew and the outer dock of Costa Morena (3), and north from Punta Riso dam;
- The average amount of surface area of 1,200,000 square meters, expand  into the water enclosed to north dam of the Puglia strait by , which forms its basin to the west by the access canal to the inner port, told Pigonati Canal, to south from the southern part of Molo Costa Morena;
- The inner port, a surface of 727,000 square meters, is formed by two branches:
- "Seno di Ponente", used, still in part to the military port, about 1 long, 5 km;
- "Seno di Levante", with functions of commercial port, about 1 km long.
Both, about 200 meters wide, embracing north and east of the old" city " in Brindisi.
The town, in fact, has grown and expanded for years only inwardly, given the military and industrial servitude that occupied most areas of port, limiting civil development.
The unique and branched morphology of the natural port of Brindisi is the result of erosion brought about by rivers mouth, now Cillarese canal that flows into the breast of the west and east Palmarini-Patri canal, who formed a river valley where the sea has inserted. In the past there was also a third branch of the inland port, a canal called "la Mena"  localized on the present Corso Garibaldi, which was covered in the eighteenth century.

The port bend , formed over the centuries, has been modified in its original aspect to some human action who has done during  the years  dams and wharves.
 Also in the outer harbor flowed, on the south coast, two other major canals, called Delta and Luciana in the Middle Ages, known then as Big River and Little River, now partly still visible near the industrial area.

Wharves  and facilities
In the bosom of the eastern inner port there are ten wharves, including St. Apollinare, Punto Franco, Feltrinelli, Carbonifera (with east terminal), Customs and Central, for a development of 1,925 meters with depths from 8.5 to 10 meters. In the middle port, intended mainly to commercial operations there are Costa Morena docks ,extending for 1,170 meters with a depth of 14 meters, and yards for 300,000 square feet.On Costa Morena Dam is developed the system for unloading fuel from fired power plants in the south and north of Brindisi port . Punta delle Terrare operates 270 meters of quay for ro-ro traffic.

In the outer harbor there are industrial wharves with facilities used for the unloading of materials for the factories of the industrial chemical plant. Brindisi has always had a historical function of hinge; it was for decades the port privileged link between Italy, Greece and Eastern Mediterranean.


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